Lizzie Jones presents 'The
venue: Astley Hall, Chorley.
Lizzie Jones returned to
Chorley to give us another fascinating trip into the past, this time the
subject was ‘The Lancashire Witches’
To tell the story she took the roll of an impartial observer in period
costume. She assumed the roll of housekeeper to Roger Nowell, the
Magistrate who presided over the trial of the accused witches in 1612.
The audience gather in Astley Hall to
hear Lizzie Jones.
Lizzie Jones as the Housekeeper
to Roger Nowell
Not all were found guilty
but eventually 9 were hanged in Lancaster and their bodies thrown in a
common grave. Most confessed but were not educated and probably unable
stand up to cross examination by the legal system. A lot of evidence
against them (how to identify witches) came from a book on demonology,
sorcery and witchcraft written by the then monarch King James 1. The
Pendle Witches trial is probably the most famous but the persecution and
execution of witches was more prevalent in Scotland and the continent.
Ancient Astronomy and
Archaeology, by Ken Wood.
Bolton Archaeology and Egyptology Society, Loyals Lounge, Bolton Town
The November meeting of
Bolton Archaeology and Egyptology Society was a presentation on Ancient
Astronomy and Archaeology by Ken Wood. This I as subject I am
particularly interested in so thought it would be a good idea to attend
and also return the ‘Excavation Flag’ that was originally used by the
Bolton Society on their digs and was part of the John Winstanley
collection of memorabilia. The flag was handed over to Sara Vernon, the
Chairperson of the Society.
Elaine Fletcher-Cowen (Treasurer)
Sara Vernon (Chairperson) with the flag.
Flo and Ken Wood.
The main presentation was given by Ken Wood, a previous Chairman of the
Society, and his wife Flo was also in attendance. They had both done a
tremendous amount of research on the subject together. The main subject
was the search for an association between the solar and lunar calendars.
Ken and Flo had made a detailed analysis of some of the earliest texts,
especially the Iliad and the Odyssey attributed to the Greek, Homer.
They date from about the 8th century BC and even thought the existence
of Homer has not been proven the texts contain many hidden references to
- An Illustrated 'virtual' tour' of St Laurence, the Parish Church of
Ed Fisher of the Chorley
St Laurence Historical Society gave us his illustrated presentation ‘A
Virtual Tour of St Laurence Church’. It was a much updated version of
the one he gave at the Church on the 29th November 2006. We were taken
on a fascinating journey which started around the mid 1300s which makes
the Church the oldest building in Chorley. The old font in the church is
possibly Anglo Saxon and 1000 years old. The Standish family were one of
the main supporters over the centuries and Ed told us of many other
families and notable people with an association to the Church. We were
told of many intriguing facts about the church clock which has undergone
many alterations and upgrades over more than 200 years. At the end of
the evening we had literally had been taken on a virtual tour around the
church and also back and forth in time
The Council for British
Archaeology North-West Region Autumn Conference.
'A Very Human Trade: The Archaeology of Slavery'
Merseyside Maritime Museum, Albert Dock, Liverpool.
The Council for British
Archaeology North-West Region Autumn Conference was held at the
Merseyside Maritime Museum, Albert Dock, Liverpool. There is a very
handy direct train service from Euxton, Balshaw Lane which is cheaper
than many people paid to park their cars. It was a pleasant walk through
the streets of Liverpool to the Albert Dock but by the time the doors
opened the rain had started..
The Albert Dock, Liverpool.
View from the 4th floor.
The theme for the day
‘A Very Human Trade: The Archaeology of Slavery’
The speakers covered several aspects of slavery from ancient to modern
times. Peter Carrington, the Chairman of CBA NW started the day by
covering Slavery in the Roman World and it came as quite a surprise to
hear that in the African – American slave trade about 11 million slaves
were transported but under the Roman Empire slavery counted for about
100 million people.
The Next speaker was Rob
Philpott who spoke about Recent Archaeological Fieldwork on Sugar
Plantations in the West Indies. The archaeology of slave accommodation
was particularly difficult due to the lack of substantial slave
buildings in the 18th century. His particular area of research was the
island of St Kitts. 310 sugar plantations were accommodated on the
island and in later years the processing of sugar from cane to
solidified crystals was carried out in communal factories. The monopoly
of Caribbean sugar production continued untill about 1820.
In the afternoon the sessions started with Dr Ben Kankpeyeng speaking
about the Transatlantic Slave Trade from a Ghanaian Perspective. Ghana,
previously know as the Gold Coast until 1957, had its own slave trade
for centuries before the Europeans arrived in 1471.
Jane Webster from the University of Newcastle upon Tyne then spoke about
the slave ships that carried out the transportation and how little
excavation work had been done on those that were wrecked due the lack of
The Lecture Theatre
Lime Street Railway Station.
The next speaker was David Wyatt of Cardiff
University who spoke about our own slave trade around the 10th and 11th
centuries between hostile tribes in England, Scotland and Ireland.
Miranda Aldhouse-Green also of Cardiff University then spoke about the
Ritualisation of Slavery and Restraint in Antiquity. This covered how
chains and shackles were used to dehumanise slaves and also restrain
The event was finished with a short presentation by Laura Carroll of
Chorley Historical and Archaeological Society on Sambo’s Grave, at
Sunderland Point near Heysham, Lancs. The talk was refreshingly none
technical and covered the various theories how the young African slave
came to be buried there. Legend has it that he died from a broken heart
in around 1736. Today, the grave almost always bears flowers or stones
painted by the local children.